Th e normal elevation of the lake surface varies irregularly from year to year. The illustration explains the 1954 seiche view a larger image. The seiche was caused by a severe squall line that crossed southern lake michigan a few hours earlier, passing from northwest to southeast. Lake michigans deadly freak wave of 1954 is chicago folklore. In this report, historical storm climatology on lakes michigan and st clair, and the resulting measured waves and. Lake michigan is the fourth largest freshwater lake by surface area in the world, after lake superior, lake victoria and lake huron. The storm generated wind speeds of up to 60 miles per hour and sent a seiche toward michigan city, indiana.
It is the secondlargest of the great lakes by volume 1,180 cu mi 4,900 km 3 and the thirdlargest by surface area 22,404 sq mi 58,030 km 2, after lake superior and lake huron and is slightly smaller than the u. Includes births, deaths, marriages, plat maps, military records, cemeteries, and school records, postal directories, native american records. Lake county records michigan family history network. An indian name for lake michigan was michi gami and through further interaction with the indians, the lake of the stinking water received its final name of michigan. Accounts from other sources say the seiche was noticed from grand traverse bay to pentwater and was 10 feet in height at ludington, washing 150 on shore past the normal water line. Approximately 1,000,000 years ago, glaciers up to 6,500 feet thick covered most of the midwest. Despite photos from several underwater dives, its still unclear whether the wreck is the 1679 french griffin. Rubenstein is professor of history at the university of michiganflint. It is part of the great lakes, and is the only one of the 5 lakes located entirely in the united states, with the other 4 being shared by the united states and canada. The largest seiche on record to strike the illinois coast of lake michigan reached a maximum height of 10 feet, caused lakeshore damage, and drowned eight people. Clair and detroit rivers that could change the flow from the michiganhuron lakes system into lake erie. As the line of windy squalls passed out over lake michigan that hot june morning 40 years ago, joseph pecararo assumed the worst of the days weather was over.
Each of these 7 regional fishing map guide books plus a best michigan lakes guide includes color contour lake maps, area road maps, stocking and survey data, fishing tips and marked fishing spots. On lake michigan, eight fishermen were swept away from piers at montrose and north avenue beaches and drowned when a 10foot 3. Shows a wall of lake effect snowing coming into the downtown buffalo area off of lake erie on dec 4 2006. Top 20 weather events of the century for chicago and. Such potentially deadly waves, the worst of which hit chicago on june 26, 1954, are formed when a squall line with high winds drives water across the lake, in the same way, that blowing on a hot cup of coffee pushes the liquid toward the far rim. Order now and receive the new interactive ebook absolutely free. A history of the great lakes state enhances its reputation as the leading survey of michigan history from the precolumbian period to the present. At least since 1670, when marquette and joliet crossed the chicago portage, lake michigan has been chicagos link to the wider world.
A seiche pronounced saysh is an oscillation of an enclosed body of water like lake michigan that continues in pendulumlike fashion after the cessation of the force that caused it. Jul 11, 2011 the seiche was caused by a severe squall line that crossed southern lake michigan a few hours earlier, passing from northwest to southeast. The strong storm heading towards michigan started out today with a rare lake michigan event. Marvin katz, 87, recalls the summer of 1954 when a meteotsunami swept people near montrose harbor into the water and eight people drowned. Margaret beattie bogue is professor emerita of history and liberal studies at the university of wisconsinmadison. History of michigan center history of michigan center. A number of textbooks have been written on analysis of extreme values. Lawrence river was still blocked by remnants of the glacier and it drained through the socalled chicago outlet, a notch in the valparaiso. The sky was clear and the lake was still by the time the 24yearold lifeguard captain arrived for work at north avenue beach. Watercolor sketchbooks that lay flat lake michigan book press. On the 1688 map, lake michigan is called lac des illinois. Using sonar, two treasure hunters found the remains of a shipwreck in lake michigan.
Volunteers try to solve mystery of 1950 plane crash in lake. If a storm causes a fast, strong increase in air pressure on one side of a lake, the water level on that side of the lake will drop and suddenly push up the water level on the opposite side of the lake. You may also want to check out this slideshow of glen lake from the absolute michigan flickr pool. The height of the waves depends on the strength of the wind and air pressure contrasts that form the seiche. In europe the subject is by no means novel, having been observed as early as 1730. Heres a look at what this phenomenon is and a look back at a famous one that occurred on lake michigan in 1954. Seiche on lake michigan and lake superior september 4.
Four of the great lakes are on the border between canada and the united states of america. A native of port huron, michigan, he has coauthored two books with lawrence ziewacz. Clair to the au sable and pere marquette rivers, you. See more ideas about houghton lake, michigan and history. After a large derecho passed over the south end of lake michigan a lake shore flood warning was issued for a seiche. I believe any reader with a background in lake michigan maritime history will be disappointed by this book s lack of perpective, historical context and depth. In 1844, a 22foot seiche breached a 14foothigh sea wall killing 78 people and damming the ice to the extent that niagara falls temporarily stopped flowing. Some people think that our most important environmental goals should be to sharply reduce the rate of populatio.
May 7, 2020 things i find that are from houghton lake, mi or remind me of growing up there. Seiche of 1954 june 26, 1954, under calm winds and a bright sunny sky, a killer wave rose suddenly from a placid lake michigan, sweeping eight unsuspecting fishermen off a breakwater to their deaths. Jaworski was just the first of the victims of one of lake michigans most unusual phenomena. Northwest 2501 was the worst commercial aviation disaster in u. Lake michigan is one of the five great lakes of north america. Seiches and seicherelated phenomena have been observed on lakes. Lake michigan, third largest of the five great lakes of north america and the only one lying wholly within the united states. There was also a seiche on lake superior on the same date. As the line of windy squalls passed out over lake michigan that hot june. Michigan genealogy and family history with free searchable databases of michigan records. On june 26, 1954, the southern basin of lake michigan experienced a seiche in numerous locations, including the entire illinois shoreline. The water level at montrose harbor surged more than 10 feet within a few minutes.
A decade later and 20 miles south, a huge amount of water that two days before had plied the. Lake michigan and lake huron hit alltime record low levels in 20. If you want to find the best lakes and catch more fish in michigan, our comprehensive line of michigan fishing map guides can help. The city of manistee is rich in history and has a fine collection of historical buildings and sites.
Volunteers searching for 1950 plane crash in lake michigan. Looking ahead to the weekend and why there is no snow in the forecast. A resource alternately treasured and plundered, the lake has served at various times as chicagos dumping. Clair to the au sable and pere marquette rivers, youll find the best fishing spots and game. Pdf wave height and water level variability on lakes michigan. The highest monthly average lake level for the network of gages, 582.
Migenweb lake county search through a great collection of files online for this county dibean marriages marriages collected from researchers for lake county. Seiche on lake michigan and lake superior september 4, 2014. Seven people lost their lives in a seiche here in sw michigan on july 4, 2003. Army corps of engineers began keeping records in 1918, says thomas obryan. The rugged dune formation rises 260 feet above the lake and offers spectacular views and excellent for hang gliding. Lake michigan is long and narrow and trends northsouth. Jan, 2015 using sonar, two treasure hunters found the remains of a shipwreck in lake michigan. The book would have benefited from some contextual historical material about the social and economic conditions that caused so many wrecks on lake michigan.
Incorrect book the list contains an incorrect book please specify the title of the book. Water level fluctuations with a dominant frequency that matches a natural seiche mode are not regarded as a meteotsunami. At the western end of the lake on january 14, 1950, a seiche caused a 5foot drop in water level at putinbay, ohio, and an estimated 6foot drop at toledo. Dear tom, on may 6, i saw huge fluctuations in the level of lake michigan at montrose beach for about 20 minutes. The unusual shape of the great lakes has created the possibility of large waves called seiche. Treasure hunters find mysterious shipwreck in lake michigan. Volunteers try to solve mystery of 1950 plane crash in lake michigan. The seiche was caused by a squall line that started in michigan city, in. Shows a wall of lake effect snowing coming into the downtown buffalo area. The park has three miles of shoreline, six miles of hiking trails and is open yearround. Sep 06, 2014 seven people lost their lives in a seiche here in sw michigan on july 4, 2003. A seiche is a sudden oscillation of water levels in a lake or bay. The other, lake michigan, is completely inside the united states.
Lake chicagos level, at its highest, was almost 60 feet higher than the level of present lake michigan and the lake completely covered the area now occupied by chicago. Seiche draws water away from beach ludington daily news. The same storm system that caused the 1995 seiche on lake superior produced a similar effect in lake huron, in which the water level at port huron changed by 6 feet 1. Great lakes simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Lake ontario is the easternmost of the great lakes and the smallest in surface area 7,340 sq mi, 18,960 km 2, although it exceeds lake erie in volume 393 cu mi, 1,639 km 3. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a page. Nine years later, on july, 1938, another deadly seiche came about on the eastern shore of lake michigan, just 20 miles south of grand haven, in holland, mi. Strong low pressure centers can create a standing seiche. The phenomenon of the seiche beachcombing magazine. Watercolor sketchbooks that lay flat lake michigan book. By 1849, more settlers were arriving and the reservation was dismantled, with land given to settlers. The lowest monthly average lake level for the representative network of gages on lake michiganhuron, 576. No one of the lakes is larger than lake baikal or lake tanganyika east africa the cities of chicago, illinois 9.
These straits are deep and wide, resulting in lakes michigan and huron standing at the same elevation. Three bullets sealed his lips 1987 and payoffs in the cloakroom. Lake michigan water levels have risen more than four feet since january 20, an unprecedented increase since the u. Seiches are typically caused by strong wind and rapid changes in atmospheric pressure push water from one end of a body of water to the other. Similar in motion to a seesaw, a seiche is a standing wave in which the largest vertical oscillations are at each end of a body of water with very small oscillations at the node, or center point, of the wave. The surface of this lake is about 23 feet above that of lake michigan and lake. One of the most violent seiches on lake michigan occurred on friday. Bordered by the states of michigan east and north, wisconsin west, illinois southwest, and indiana southeast, it connects with lake huron through the straits of mackinac in the north. It has been reported by many, that yesterdays rise in the water level in fishtown was caused by a seiche. The beginning in 1841, the john stronach family constructed a sawmill on manistee lake and later another on the manistee river.
A seiche may occur in any semi or fully enclosed body of water. During the course of each year, the surface is subject to a consistent seasonal rise and fall, the lowest stages prevailing during the winter and the highest during the summer. Lake pontchartrain, louisiana, is also known to routinely form. Im indebted to the authors of this book for bringing this railway alive and back from the ashes, as well as the help that they have given me. The coast guard, towboatus and local marine police monitor 16 but channel 9 is the preferred hailing frequency. Land patents for lake county do your own search and get an image of the certificate. In lake michigan, that force is a surge of cool air rushing out of a line of thunderstorms moving outheast across the lake at speeds in excess of 50 m. All together, by volume, they are the largest group of fresh water lakes in the world. As recently as 2008, strong winds created waves 12 to 16 feet high in lake erie, leading to flooding near buffalo, new york. A workingclass history of the 1914 michigan copper strike and the italian hall tragedy by gary kaunonen really liked it 4. Northwest 2501 was the worst commercial aviation disaster in. The seiche was caused by an earlier squall on the lake. Meteotsunami occurrences and causes in lake michigan bechle. The lowest monthly average lake level for the representative network of gages on lake michigan huron, 576.
Great lakes water levels michigan state university. In 1841, the john stronach family constructed a sawmill on manistee lake and later another on the manistee river. Huge fluctuations in the level of lake michigan wgntv. In my book, the dynamic great lakes, seiches on the great lakes are explained. Jun 16, 2018 lake chicagos level, at its highest, was almost 60 feet higher than the level of present lake michigan and the lake completely covered the area now occupied by chicago. Our sketchbooks and journals are for artists and writers who choose quality over quantity. A few articles of interest include historic cottages of glen lake on the glen lake association website, siepkers book remembers historic cottages on the glen arbor sun website and glen lake book wins big on. On lake michigan, eight fishermen were swept away from piers at montrose and north.
To the east, its basin is conjoined with that of lake huron through the narrow. Standing waves can form in any enclosed or semienclosed body of water, from a massive lake to a small coffee cup. A history of northern michigan and its people by perry f. The seiche of 1938 claimed another five lives on the eastern shore of lake michigan the joint archives of holland 2001. Michigan nonfiction 42 books meet your next favorite book. The seiche continued to build in size along the illinois shore. If a storm causes a fast, strong increase in air pressure on one side of a lake, the water level on that side of the lake will drop and suddenly push up the water level on the. The greening of the michigan legislature, 19381945 1995, both dealing with michigans political history. Family search many michigan records to search through seeking michigan deaths 18971920, civil war files, maps, etc. A workingclass history of the 1914 michigan copper strike and the italian hall tragedy by. Handmade is not a buzzword in our studio we love binding and it shows with every sketchbook that leaves the lake michigan book press studio. When its islands are included, the lakes shoreline is 712 miles 1,146 km long. Warren dunes state park provides 1,952 acres of recreational opportunities along the beautiful shore of lake michigan in southwestern michigan. May 10, 2019 it has been reported by many, that yesterdays rise in the water level in fishtown was caused by a seiche.
Abstract the occurrence of meteotsunamis in lake michigan is quantified at 10 locations from up to 20 years of historical water level records. On may 18, 1928 when michigan center graduated its first 12th grade class, there were 41 courses offered in grades 712, a county normal school operated in the building, an active pta had been formed, the first j hop had been held, and the two buildings had more students than they could hold. For a ships captain, the real concern was not ending up on a dock in buffalo, but rather striking the rocks in lime kiln crossing as the water drew rapidly away from the western end of. As these monstrous ice formations inched their way forward and backward, until finally withdrawing 10,000 years ago, gouges were created that filled with water from the.853 191 1443 225 1044 96 68 351 210 629 1465 58 157 1119 165 1310 1296 207 4 498 57 1035 710 279 1487 1273 625 67 153 1310 585 1408 1497 739 1472 722 519 980 668 420 1349 264 545 977 374 1355